Guidelines for Design Thinking Process

Design Thinking Process

Design Thinking is an iterative process in which one seeks to understand the user(s), challenges, assumptions, and redefine problems in an attempt to identify alternative strategies and solutions that might not be instantly apparent with our initial level of understanding. At the same time, Design Thinking provides a solution-based approach to solving problems. It is a way of thinking and working as well as a collection of hands-on methods.

Here are the guidelines for the Design Thinking research article submission.

Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. The article should contain the following sections:

Title Make your title specific enough to describe the contents of the paper, but not so technical that only specialists will understand. The title should be appropriate for the intended audience.

The title usually describes the subject matter of the article: “Effect of Smoking on Academic Performance”

Sometimes a title that summarizes the results is more effective: “Students Who Smoke Get Lower Grades”

Authors The person who did the work and wrote the paper is generally listed as the first author of a research paper.

For publication, other people who made substantial contributions to the work are also listed as authors. Ask your mentor’s permission before including his/her name as co-author.

Abstract An abstract, or summary, is published together with a research article, giving the reader a “preview” of what’s to come.

It should be a little less technical than the article itself.

It should be one paragraph, of 100-250 words, which summarizes the purpose, methods, and conclusions of the paper.

It is not easy to include all this information in just a few words. Start by writing a summary that includes whatever you think is important, and then gradually prune it down to size by removing unnecessary words, while still retaining the necessary concepts.

Write the abstract last, so you have all the information needed to summarize. But, it should be attached/inserted in the beginning of the article.

Introduction What question did you ask? Why is it interesting?

The introduction summarizes the background and issue you are trying to solve.

One to two paragraphs should be enough.

End with a sentence explaining the specific question you asked for which you would like to find solution

Understand EMPATHIZE – Conduct research to develop an understanding of the user / problem. Explain the process/steps taken to research and understand the problem. Example: interview people, conduct surveys, types of questions you asked (list few examples of questions asked during problem discovery), books, articles, websites used, etc. One or two paragraphs

DEFINE the data collected – Combine all of your research and observe where your focus should be. Explain how you narrowed down the problem scope? One or two paragraphs

Explore IDEATEDIVERGE: generate a range of creative innovative ideas. Explain each idea in short paragraphs. You can use illustrations, graphs, etc., to help explain your idea.

PROTOTYPE -build representations of your ideas for testing. It is not mandatory to use the exact materials needed. You can create prototype as a representation of your idea.

METHODS AND MATERIALS – Clearly document each prototype with the methods and materials used. Be as elaborate as possible, and provide photos/ illustrations / flow-charts, etc.

Materialize TEST – return to the users for feedback, or test it if possible, at the problem source or emulate the problem and test your solution. Describe the testing environment.

PROCEDURE – Describe the procedure used for testing

RESULTS – Clearly document the results of your testing. Use tables, graphs, etc. to help explain the results. CONVERGE: Select the best choice for solution. Do you propose any changes to your solution based on the testing? If so, how would you modify?

Next Steps –Prepare for Implementation Detail all the needed elements, such as funding, materials, permits, and the next steps you would take to implement the solution into effect.

This section could be written in bulleted format

[Optional] If you were fortunate to actually implement the solution, then share your experience, results, feedback, etc. Do you need to make any further improvements? If so, how and what changes would you make?

Conclusion Does the solution proposed support your original question mentioned in the introduction?

End with a one-sentence summary of your conclusion, emphasizing why it is relevant.

Acknowledgements In this section, you can thank those who either helped with the research, or made other important contributions, such as discussing the problem, commenting on the solution, mentor(s), peers, etc.
Industries and Sectors applicable for this solution Specify the industries and sectors who might be interested in this solution
References In the References section list literature citations in alphabetical order.


Indigo, A. C., and Mauve, B. E. 1994. Queer place for qwerty: gene isolation from the platypus. Science 275, 1213-1214.

Magenta, S. T., Sepia, X., and Turquoise, U. 1995. Wombat genetics. In: Widiculous Wombats, Violet, Q., ed. New York: Columbia University Press. p 123-145.

Scarlet, S.L. 1990. Isolation of qwerty gene from S. cerevisae. Journal of Unusual Results 36, 26-31.